These days, most people live in a life dominated by technology. Our houses are centrally heated and cooled and use lots of different high-tech materials. We eat food that has been scientifically engineered. We travel at high speeds both in the air and on land. We communicate with electronic devices such as computers and cell phones. Technology has had a significant impact on our natural environment, on our interpersonal dynamics, and even on our minds. As it continues to take over, it is becoming vital that we consider the effects it is having on us and our society as well as understand its advantages and disadvantages.
Beginning of Modern Technology
Though humans have always utilized technology in some way or another, “modern technology” actually began with the Industrial Revolution, which occurred in the mid-18th century. The Industrial Revolution saw a cultural shift away from methods of production such as hand, craft, and community-based. The second shift occurred when the transistor and computer were invented in the mid-20th century.
Culture and Technology
The effect that technology has had on culture is so widespread that for the most part, people are not really consciously aware of it. Since it is so prevalent in every aspect of our lives, we live in a sort of “technological matrix” and don’t really consider the effect it is having on our society and even ourselves. However, modern technology allows easy and rapid transportation, communication, food, and even medical intervention- all of which has some effect on our personal lives.
Benefits of Technology
Modern technology has helped to reduce many human difficulties. For example, the invention of penicillin has prevented loss of life from infections and diseases. Machines do the work that required the work of many people before the Industrial Revolution. Through printing, electronic, and distribution, books and other printed materials have been able to reach all levels of society. Additionally, society has opened up a world of opportunities for many that in previous times would not have happened.
Dangers of Technology
Of course, you should know that though it has many benefits, technology also has many dangers. It has had a detrimental effect on the natural world, contributing to climate change and more. Additionally, food that has been excessively processed is not healthy for us to consume, so our health is suffering. However, there are also some dangers that are not quite as obvious such as burnout and stress caused by the pace of modern life. Additionally, the whirlwind of negative information can cause despair and depression.